National ICT Growth Marches On

Bitcom India


Tele Density of the country which was 0.8 % in 1995 (all fixed lines and no mobiles) reached 39.86 per cent in June 2009 as compared to 28.33 per cent in the same period last year.



It is interesting to observe that during the 20th century, technology has been developed to travel faster, higher and further than ever before in the history. Now Electronics, Computer, Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have made the transfer of information and ideas almost instantaneous. The world and universe around us is shrinking in technological time and distance.


 We are all aware that the key to a national prosperity, apart from the spirit of its people lies with the effective combination of 3 factors—technology, raw materials and capital.Out of these 3 factors, the technology development through ICT is perhaps the most important to make up for a deficiency in natural resources and reduce the high capital demand. India has achieved a distinctive position for itself in developing ICT based solutions and ICT enabled services and have created a strong skill base. Now, we need to ensure to utilize this technology to the best of our capability as ICT based  design and development, innovation, production of systems by continuously assimilating technologies, creating new solutions supported by education, research and development. ICT based education, human resource development, management etc may itself incur high cost, but such high cost being directly related to development, should be viewed as an essential productive investment, yielding valuable returns to the society and contributing to socio-economic development. Telecom is not just a spectacle of high technology wonders but a new engine of economics growth in terms of goods, services and higher incomes. An example of this change is that, planning design and even production are now getting information linked and are decentralized to such an extent that the world is heading towards a borderless Economy. Telecommunication as such is a vehicle for the economic growth


 The current communication revolution is in the nature of a race to unwire the world with significant shifts likely in areas of Broadcasting and Communications.        Last decade witnessed acceptance and wide spread growth in the area of terrestrial wireless services, particularly in the countries like India and China where the growth has been  phenomenal.


The evolutionary growth of communication experienced its first major impetus with the coming of the radio at the turn of the century. Electrical communication, compared to the early traditional horse and railway system, not only increased the speed of communication by a factor of 10 million, but also made itself accessible even to a common man, thus heralding the beginning of mass communication. The rapid communication explosion since 1940, following the widespread use of telephones, telegraphy, radio and TV for providing information, news and entertainment instantaneously to all parts of the world, took a revolutionary quantum jump with the introduction of communication satellites in the 1960s.


The term ‘Telecommunications’ in ITU parlance, is a wider term which covers besides the public telecom services, wide variety of other services such as Sound and T.V. broadcasting, Space Communications, Aeronautical & Maritime Mobile Communications, Radio Location and Radio Navigation Systems, Radio Astronomy Meteorological Aids and Services, Radio Amateurs etc.