National ICT Growth
Tele Density of the country which was 0.8 % in 1995 (all fixed lines and no mobiles) reached 39.86 per cent in June 2009 as compared to 28.33 per cent in the same period last year.
NATIONAL ICT SCENARIO
It is interesting to observe that during the 20th century, technology has been developed to travel faster, higher and further than ever before in the history. Now Electronics, Computer, Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have made the transfer of information and ideas almost instantaneous. The world and universe around us is shrinking in technological time and distance.
We are all aware that the key to a national
prosperity, apart from the spirit of its people lies with the effective
combination of 3 factors—technology, raw materials and capital.Out
of these 3 factors, the technology development through ICT is perhaps the most
important to make up for a deficiency in natural resources and reduce the high
The current communication revolution is in the
nature of a race to unwire the world with significant shifts likely in areas of
Broadcasting and Communications.
Last decade witnessed acceptance and wide spread growth in the area of
terrestrial wireless services, particularly in the countries like
The evolutionary growth of communication experienced its first major impetus with the coming of the radio at the turn of the century. Electrical communication, compared to the early traditional horse and railway system, not only increased the speed of communication by a factor of 10 million, but also made itself accessible even to a common man, thus heralding the beginning of mass communication. The rapid communication explosion since 1940, following the widespread use of telephones, telegraphy, radio and TV for providing information, news and entertainment instantaneously to all parts of the world, took a revolutionary quantum jump with the introduction of communication satellites in the 1960s.
The term ‘Telecommunications’ in ITU parlance, is a wider term which covers besides the public telecom services, wide variety of other services such as Sound and T.V. broadcasting, Space Communications, Aeronautical & Maritime Mobile Communications, Radio Location and Radio Navigation Systems, Radio Astronomy Meteorological Aids and Services, Radio Amateurs etc.